A Linear Decomposition of Multiparty Sessions for Safe Distributed Programming
Multiparty Session Types (MPST) is a typing discipline for message-passing distributed processes that can ensure properties such as absence of communication errors and deadlocks, and protocol conformance. Can MPST provide a theoretical foundation for concurrent and distributed programming in “mainstream” languages?
We address this problem by (1) developing the first encoding of a full-fledged multiparty session pi-calculus into standard linear pi-calculus, and (2) using the encoding as the foundation of a practical toolchain for safe multiparty programming in Scala.
Our encoding is type-preserving and operationally sound and complete. Importantly for distributed applications, it preserves the choreographic nature of MPST and illuminates that multiparty sessions (and their safety properties) can be precisely represented with a decomposition into binary linear channels. Previous works have only studied the relation between (limited) multiparty sessions and binary sessions by orchestration means.
We exploit these results to implement an automated generation of Scala APIs for multiparty sessions. These APIs act as a layer on top of existing libraries for binary communication channels: this allows distributed multiparty systems to be safely implemented over binary transports, as commonly found in practice. Our implementation is also the first to support distributed multiparty delegation: our encoding yields it for free, via existing mechanisms for binary delegation.